The previous year (2018) witnessed an overwhelming number of cyber-attacks and data breaches that affected millions of customers across companies, including customers of household names like Uber, Facebook, Reddit, British Airways, and the Marriott hotel chain. Even governmental organizations were no exception. The state-sponsored attacks or breaches continued throughout the year. The United States, Russia, China, Iran, and North Korea have levelled allegation of cybercrimes over one another. The United States alleged that the Russian-linked hacking group created fake think-tank and Senate sites ahead of the U.S. midterm elections. IT security professional remained unsuccessful to prevent these notorious attacks even the highly sophisticated techniques could not stop cybercriminals. To ease the situation, various IT security techniques are applied to tighten the security of enterprises. For example, the European Union (EU) launched the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in 2018. The current year (2019) is also challenging for security professionals as cyber-attacks are unstoppable so far. The following sections describe some latest cybersecurity trends for 2019 that are highlighted by top-notch IT security experts.
According to Sean Atkinson, a Chief Information Security Officer (CISO), the number of Common Vulnerabilities and Exposure (CVEs) will be increased by 5% or more in 2019. It clearly indicates that attackers will continue to build more sophisticated attacks.
Data breaches are not always a result of highly sophisticated attacks. Instead, organizations often hold a poor security posture that provides a porous hole to malicious actors. Under such circumstances, the organization will be responsible for a data breach. Enterprises are obligatory to protect the critical data or Personally Identifiable Information (PII) of its customers. Like a GDPR in EU states, it is expected that the same regulations will be developed in other countries as well, such as the United States and Russia in order to impose strict restrictions on organizations so that they can better protect the data of their customers and employees.
Dimension Data’s Technology Trends 2019 report reveals that organizations will now become secure by design and their security defences will be intelligence-driven to better prevent cyber breaches. For this purpose, they deploy different tools such as SOAR, SIEM, Threat Hunting, or deception technologies. Machine learning will also play a pivotal role in gathering threat intelligence.
Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) deployment model of cloud computing has become a significant application development platform for software developers. This trend will rise more in 2019. Therefore, the security of cloud-based applications is necessary and security practitioners will play their crucial role to protect cloud-based applications and services.
To deal with too many false positives, unnecessary alerts, and repetitive tasks, the organizations will look for security automation and orchestration in 2019 using SOAR tools. In fact, SOAR tools will become increasingly valuable to save time, cost, and reduce the contribution of manpower.
Security integration will be one of the most important security trends in 2019. Nowadays, an organization has a minimum of 15 different security tools working at the same time. The security practitioners have to watch for multiple consoles simultaneously. To deal with this problem, security integration comes into place.
Though cybersecurity countermeasures will grow in 2019, cyber-attacks will also increase even more than as compared to the previous year. Resultantly, the organizations will enhance their security posture by focusing more on regulatory requirements, threat detection, security automation and orchestration, and security integration.
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